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The underground city

The landscape of this area resembles the moon. She is in Turkey, to be exact — in the valley of Goreme in Cappadocia. There appeared a very unusual tower of solidified volcanic ash, which the rain and the wind gave a variety of forms.

Only underground structures Derinkuyu count 50 two ventilation shafts and fifteen thousand inputs. Big mine reaches a depth of eighty-5 meters. The lower part of the city served as a reservoir for water. A pioneer of the underground labyrinth is sir Demir. With all this played an important role in the case. All the houses in Derinkuyu, of course, have basements that are used as refrigerators. Once sir Demir tripped on the edge of some pits and, compelled by curiosity, began to deepen…

On this day in this area, found 6 30 underground cities. Not all of them have the scope or Kaymakli Derinkuyu, but their plans have been carefully designed. People have an excellent understanding of this area, believe that there is still an unlimited amount of underground facilities. All known on this day the city’s interconnected tunnels. A connecting tunnel between Kaymakli and Derinkuyu reach a length of 10 km.

But who made these underground cities? When they were dug? What were they used for? This contest the various ideas, hypotheses, but also and facts. One of these facts is that at the dawn of Christianity found here found shelter and adherents of the new religion: the 1st wave came in 2nd or 3rd century. Later Christians hid in underground cities, when Arab armies drove back the Byzantines to their powerful capital to Constantinople, modern Istanbul. But Christians were not the builders of these structures. In the first centuries of our era they already existed. So who and when they were built? Here start various speculations.

The subsoil of the area consists of volcanic rock, because a nearby volcano. Caving volcanic stone is not very hard, if there is obsidian, or “fire stone”, while he was there. Thus, the creation of underground cities is one hundred percent real task, even if they were carried out over several generations. And yet it is about thirteen plants! In the lower layers of found objects Dating back to the Hittite era.

Ancient people the Hittites lived in the area of modern Turkey from 1800 to 1300 BC. Their capital Hattusa was located approximately three hundred kilometers from Derinkuyu. Even the Hittites once conquered Babylon. Already 1st Hittite kings were considered God-like, like the Egyptian pharaohs. Only later they began to take on human names. The kings wore tall hats, reminiscent of the hoods, the likes of which are found in ancient cultures around the world. I supposed that they were imitating their heavenly teachers, who had very large heads, which was considered the prototype of beauty. Elongated skull, immortalized in images and sculptures, can be seen in many different places, for example in Egypt.

I initially took the next question: why do people do the underground city? Obviously, to hide them from the enemy. What was this enemy?

Ground-based enemy could just force people to leave their underground hideout, forcing them to go hungry or even denying access of air. Therefore, I assume that the builders of underground cities feared not only terrestrial, and aerial opponents. Does this make any sense?

Well, of course, eat! For example, in his Holy book “Kebra Nagast” the ancient Ethiopians report that the Governor Solomon horrified people with his flying chariot. Not only is he, and of his descendant moved through the air, and those who obeyed him, flew with him on a flying chariot. Arab historian al-Masudi also depicts the flight of king Solomon and, as he puts it, of the clan. You can imagine how people were afraid of these flying creatures. Maybe they oppressed and exploited, and therefore, when heard the signal of excitement “They fly!”, all hiding in the underground city, just as during the 2nd world war fighters and the civilian population took refuge during enemy air raids in underground bunkers.