Padua is a city very ancient. He grew up in the IV century BC from a conventional, simple fishing villages. By joining the Romans against the Gauls, the city became part of the Roman Empire in 45 BC and reached a high economic level under Augustus. Among the famous natives of Patavium Roman historian Titus Livy. Here flourished the processing and trade of wool. At the end of III – early IV centuries pedancy adopted Christianity. A thriving city is almost not affected from the Huns in 451, however, in the 601 year was almost completely destroyed by the Lombards. The neighborhood began to zavolochitsy, most residents chose to leave this region. The revival of Padua after the return to the city residence of the Bishop of Charlemagne (774 year). In the beginning of the twelfth century Padua was a free community. In 1222, Padua was founded by the University, the second in Italy, which was visited by teachers and students from all over Europe. In the sixteenth century the University began to prosper – here he taught mathematics Galileo Galilei. Both Dante and Petrarch stayed in Padua. However, the most profound mark in the history of Padua Saint Anthony left. Since the urban commune (this is the second half of the XIII century) marked the heyday of Padua. This was facilitated by territorial proximity to Venice – then the wallet world. During the XIII-XIV centuries the city has entered a period of development of culture and art. Petroenergy a number of city walls, Palazzo della Ragione, Basilica di Sant’antonio and Church of the Eremitani. The city has extended its dominance to near-site, in 1305 was able to invite the famous Giotto, commissioned him paintings of the Scrovegni chapel. All this time Padua with varying success he fought with Venice, Verona and Milan. In 1405, the Venetians after losing, she became part of the Venetian Republic in the sixteenth century was only a hub that links Venice with the continent. During the next three centuries Padua is experiencing a slow economic decline. In 1797 pedancy met Napoleon’s troops as liberators. However, soon the city was under the rule of the Austrians. In 1848 the citizens rebelled, and the struggle for freedom did not cease until 1866, when the city joined the Kingdom of Italy.
This day I waited with some impatience. After all, it was a trip to Venice. Had to sacrifice a delicious Breakfast, but the train departed at 07:14. The first place my stop on the way to Venice was Padua. Honestly, to a careful study of the map of Italy and travel guide about this city of nothing I didn’t know. Vaguely heard about St Anthony of Padua. More precisely, met in Catholic churches its images and sculptures, and next to them is a donation box. Also I have read that Padua in the middle ages often, long and fiercely fought with Venice, Verona and Milan. Losing Venice, she became part of the Venetian Republic. Here, perhaps, and all.
First impressions of Padua I really liked. Not far from the station I met a small river Bacchiglione. It meanders through the city, and the old center is surrounded by it. And to a somewhat larger diameter are the fortress walls – the river is inside the circle of these walls.
From the station down the street, or rather Avenue, I Popolo in 10 minutes got into a beautiful Park. This Park is called Parco del arena. In 60-70 years (under Augustus) was built here in the arena. Until our time it has not been preserved, but the Park remained grottoes, small lakes, small waterfalls. Here and there scattered busts of famous historical figures. Here I have made some recordings of his talk on the Vicenza, before heavy rain prevented me to do it where I expected. Right behind the Park started building the Gothic Cathedral with ancient frescos. And not just the frescoes, and the frescoes of the Giotto. 38 of them here. According to the sources, they were painted in 1305-1306. And the building, as they say, was designed by the Giotto. This is the Scrovegni chapel. Interesting her story. In the fourteenth century this family bought the local land and decided to build a Palace here. To date, it has not survived – it was demolished from the face of the earth in the nineteenth century. But the Scrovegni chapel survived. However, it is correct to call Annunziata. This chapel is connected with the work of Dante “the divine Comedy”. It refers to a usurer is a sinner, Reginaldo. He was the father of one of Scrovegni, who built it in memory of his father. If you have time, you can visit the adjacent city Museum of the Eremitani.
Then I went looking for the biggest square in Europe, Prato della Valle. Crooked and narrow streets, which intersects Corso Garibaldi, in turn, led me to different areas – Frutt (square of Fruit), Erbe (square of Herbs or Greens), della Signoria and the Duomo (the Cathedral Square). Almost between these areas is the town Hall. The structure of the diamond shape. Nearby is the Palace of the municipality. And because it was located in the court, now it is sometimes called the Palace Court.
I must say that the weather was favorable, although there were wandering clouds absolutely terrible leaden color. Moving further South, I reached the main and most beautiful square – the Prato della Valle (Prato della Valle). The name of the area translates as “valley meadow”. The square itself has a rounded elliptical form. During the Empire (under Augustus) was built here theatre Jairam. The Empire ceased to be powerful, and the town fell into decay. And with it the square – there appeared a swamp. But since the XI century, this place has looked out for the cattle traders and farmers who were here for the autumn fair. In the XIII century the authorities of the commune started spending jousting tournaments and competitions. But only at the end of the eighteenth century, under the supervision of the Venetian Procurator Andrea memo, the area was drained, and was built such a beautiful area with an island in the middle of Memmia. Transferred to the island bridge 4, and the perimeter 80 of the statues of the great paduana. They form two circles. The statue appeared gradually from 1775 to 1833 for years. Especially for this occasion were the prescribed rules for their installation. It was forbidden to put the statues are still alive, or the Holy people. Only persons who had a connection with Padova. And gathered a collection of statues of University professors, artists, generals and rulers of the city. There used to be a set of 6 statues more, but under Napoleon they were defeated.
I managed to shoot standby in the Central square. Then I with pleasure visited the Cathedral with frescoes by Giotto, the famous painter of the middle Ages the level of Michelangelo (I’m lucky – usually get here is very difficult task because of the need to maintain the right humidity the number of visits and visitors is strictly regulated). It was built from 1551 to 1754 by Michelangelo. Naturally, the style in which built the Cathedral is the Renaissance. They built, built, and… nedostroi. The facade remained unfinished. Recently the chapel was restored, and the frescoes that for about 700 years, began to Shine, as it is written yesterday.
From the Cathedral I went to the most famous building of Padua – Basilica of Sant’antonio. It’s only a few minutes. Said to chronicle, in the life of St. Anthony in his preaching attracted huge for that time, the number of pilgrims – up to 30 thousand people. After death near his body began to occur miraculous healings and changes. Since then, the name of St. Anthony of Padua praise from all Catholic churches of the world. In the Basilica’s many chapels – their construction occurred slowly since 1235. The temple impresses with its size – length of 195 meters, 7 domes.
On the square in front of the Basilica stands the equestrian statue of the Venetian condottiere (mercenary military) Gattamelata (XV century), the work of Donatello, who gave life to the service of the great Venetian Republic. This monument became Italy’s first piece of bronze from antiquity.
After inspecting the Basilica of Sant ‘ Antonio, I was caught in heavy rain. But we had to continue to shoot videos about the city. And then I was very helpful feature of the local architecture. The vast majority of the houses at Padua are built on the same principle. Under the second floors of buildings arranged arch-sidewalks. You can move from quarter to quarter, on dry pavement, if this turns out to continue to explore the city in spite of any adverse conditions on the street. And even to cross from one side street to another do not have to go out in the rain over roads of a particular roof. On the Internet and in the guidebooks mentioned a figure of 6 km was covered sidewalks Padua! It is wonderful that new buildings, but appear between the buildings of the medieval buildings, constructed on the same principle – with the arches. Style and the city is saved, and care for residents and guests is evident. It’s nice that traditions are kept…