Ancient Roman fortress found in Italy
They found that it was part of a large military camp with an area of about 130 square meters and is located on strategic location on top of a hill. It was surrounded by a shaft width of up to 24 meters. On either side of the fortress housed two small fortifications.
Scientists believe that the Roman fortress was built in the year 178 BC, which is two decades earlier than the Roman fortress in Spain, which was the oldest previously known.
The task of the fortress, according to archaeologists, was to protect the port city of Aquileia, built by the Romans in 183-181, BC from the attacks of the Istrian tribes. The Romans began military expeditions to capture of the Istrian Peninsula from 221 BC during the war with local tribes, Istria was conquered, and the main town of Ostrov Nicacci destroyed by the Romans in 178-177 year. After the wars with Istres Aquileia quickly became a major center of trade. Under Diocletian it became one of the capitals of the Empire.
Livy in his “History of Rome” describes an interesting episode of the war of the Romans with Istres, when the Romans were
divided and opponents were able to capture their camp (perhaps the one now found archaeologists). But istrici found in the camp store of wine and cooked for feast foods, so gave himself up to revelry during the night contractible defeated by the Roman legions. Tacitus writes:
“A few of Istria moderation in drinking has allowed us to think about the flight, other death extended sleep; the Romans returned all in one piece, except drunk and eaten enemies” (XLI. 4. 4, translation by V. N. Chemberdzhi).
Examining the terrain from the aircraft using a lidar and found the traces of ancient buildings. archaeologists under the leadership of Federico Bernardini (Bernardini Federico) started digging, luckily the site of a Roman camp was a half hour walk from the Institute where they were. They quickly managed to find a range of material evidence of a military camp: the characteristic Shoe nails from the shoes of the legions, fragments of Roman amphorae used for storing wine, oil and other products. Perhaps found a military camp served as the basis for the emergence of the colony Tergeste, the ancestor of the modern Trieste.
Scientists appreciate the opportunities they received with the advent of scanning technology terrain using lidar.
“Lidar, as a new telescope allows you to see worlds that are not visible to the naked eye,” says one of the authors of the research physicist Claudio Tunisi (Claudio Tuniz) from the International center for theoretical physics named after Abdus Salam in Trieste.
The scientist said that lidar scanning provides unexpected results even in relatively urbanized areas, studied for a long time.
“With lidar we are within a few months found many of the ancient archaeological patterns than would be found in the course of a century of working with conventional archaeological methods,” says Claudio Tunisi.