The most famous Triumphal arches of the world
August 30 (17 on old style) in 1829 in Moscow was founded one of the most famous stone Triumphal arches . This arch was supposed to replace wood, built at the Tverskaya Zastava in 1814 for the solemn meeting with the victorious Russian troops returning from Western Europe. Designed a new stone arch of the largest Russian architect Osip Ivanovich Bove.
This triumphal arch stood for 102 years, until in 1936 was not taken the decision to expand the square at the Belarus station where she stood. The famous building was demolished and its rich sculptural fragments deposited in a branch of the Architectural Museum. But in 1966, the Moscow authorities decided to restore the triumphal arch. Worked on a project with experienced sculptors, restorers, craftsmen in artistic casting and minting. 6 November 1968 a remarkable creation of Bove received a second life. But now the famous triumphal arch stands on Victory square, Poklonnaya mountain, forming with the Museum-panorama “battle of Borodino”, the “Kutuzovskaya izba” and other monuments of a single historical-memorial complex.
Triumphal arch from ancient times were erected in honor of some important person or significant event, and was installed at the entrance to the city,on bridges, major roads. These were the first to build monumental constructions of the Romans, which borrowed a similar design from Etruscan, and behind them are the rest of the state. Today in the world there are many Triumphal arches, both ancient and more modern. Tourists love taking photos of these historical and architectural monuments. There is a belief that if make a wish and take a trip under the arch on one foot, it will come true. Let’s find out where are the most famous Triumphal arches, under which you can jump “happiness”.
Because the founders “parkostroyeniya” are the Romans, we will start. The oldest triumphal arch called the Arch of Italy of August . built in 27 BC by order of the Roman Senate in honor of Caesar Augustus. Through her, traveling was a part of Rimini . The building was part of the ancient defensive walls, fragments of which can still be seen on both sides of the Arch. Surprisingly, the triumphal Arch in honor of Caesar Augustus is more than 2 thousand years and is still considered one of the main attractions of the city. How not to come, being in Italy, so famous for antiquity, and not to jump under it, making heart’s desire?
Another famous arc de Triomphe is also in Italy – the arch of Septimius Severus . It is located in Rome . in the Northern part of the Roman Forum. Built this building in 205 BC in honor of the victory of the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus over the Parthians.
Without leaving Rome, you can see an ancient arched structure – a triumphal arch of Titus . built by the Roman Emperor Domitian in 81 ad, in honour of his brother Titus. The arch is located in the South-Eastern part of the Roman Forum . on the ancient Sacred road. The architecture of this arch is taken as a basis, the builders of the Triumphal arches of the New time.
In Rome . close to the Colosseum, is another well-known triumphal arch of Constantine . built in 315 ad in honor of the victory of the Roman Emperor Constantine I over Maxentius. It is the only triumphal arch in Rome, erected in honor of the victory in the civil war, and not on an external enemy.
Now going back to Asia. Triumphal arch “gateway of India” built in Mumbai in the Harbor and is an interesting architectural and monumental landmark, as it mixed several architectural currents in Indian, Muslim and European. Built this beauty in honor of the king of great Britain George V to Mumbai in 1911. The construction of such monumental buildings lasted 13 years. The building is striking in its massiveness. After building it did not fit into the architectural ensemble of the harbour and ordered the authorities to shift all the facades of the surrounding buildings. The main historical value of these “gates” locals believe the passage through the English garrisons, when they were leaving India free.
And again Europe. The famous Berlin triumphal arch “Brandenburgskiy gate” was built in 1791 and was originally called the “Gate of peace”. “Gates” are on the border of the old centre of Berlin. The historical value of this arch is in the fact that it is from here began to build the Berlin wall during the cold war, and here the first settlers from East Germany crossed the border in 1989. This arch is a symbol not only of Berlin, but throughout Germany.
The triumphal arch in Bucharest . the capital of Romania, is one of the main symbols of the city. Built in 1922 in honor of the defenders of the independence of Romania, the arch was originally wooden. But in 1936, wood was replaced with reinforced concrete and granite. This symbol of Bucharest is situated near the largest Park of the city, one of the most important streets of the capital, named after the Russian diplomat, the General, count Pavel Kiselev.
Triumphal arch of Sergius in Pula in Croatia is interesting not only for its architectural antiquity, but also the fact that it was built not in honor of the state leaders or glorifying victories. That arch in the first century BC was built by a woman from a noble family Sergiev in honor of soldiers-relatives, fought under the command of Octavian Augustus. Such a construction is very difficult to construct a “private” mode was not given permission. Apparently, therefore, the dimensions of this unique arches for buildings of such scale are small. Its height of 8 meters, span width 4.5 m. But the construction is very nicely decorated with various decorations, ornaments and lettering, and is very well preserved for two thousand years.
Arriving in St. Petersburg . you can see the famous triumphal arch of the General staff . being part of the ensemble of the Palace square in St. Petersburg, built as the main and final monument in honor of the Russian victory in the war of 1812. Architect K. Rossi, projecting the main square of the new capital, decided with the help of the arc de Triomphe to combine into a single architectural ensemble two wings of the General staff. It is well managed, and arch, opened in 1828, is one of the main attractions of the city on the Neva.
Besides the famous buildings in Saint Petersburg can be viewed equally famous arch — the Narva triumphal gate
and the Moscow triumphal arch.
Those who visit France . can enjoy the view of one of the ancient Triumphal arches in the city of orange is a triumphal arch of orange . This ancient structure built during the reign of the Roman Emperor Augustus in 25 – 27 gg BC and dedicated to the veterans of the Gallic war. Under the Emperor Tiberius rebuilt the monument in honor of the victories of Germanicus over the German tribes. On the arch is the inscription dedicated to Emperor Tiberius.
But this is not the only famous arch in France. The most famous is the arc de Triomphe on the Champs Elysees in Central Paris . This unique arch was begun in 1806 on the orders of French Emperor Napoleon to celebrate his victory at Austerlitz. But the ambitious monarch did not see this creation, as the construction lasted 30 years and ended after his death. This gate is also called the arc de Triomphe victories, and through it marched the Germans in 1871, the French in 1918, the Germans again in 1940 and the French with the Americans in 1944.
All arches and gates of different date of construction, architecture, purpose and reason of their construction, but they all share one thing – they are designed to glorify and capture the imagination.