How beautiful this world is!

Ancient Roman fortress found in Italy
They found that it was part of a large military camp with an area of about 130 square meters and is located on strategic location on top of a hill.…

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Mysterious structures
In the old days, when in kindergartens virgins were not only waspada nanny, right on the shore stood and worked Vitebsk furniture factory, whose remains You confused with the ancient…

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Cyclopean structures of antiquity

Our planet is full of strange areas, where you can discover traces of ancient peoples, the meaning of which is difficult to understand in our day. The artifacts are thousands of years old make you think, because many of them were created did not seem at the time. Let’s visit the mysterious place . which is on our planet.

A list of mysterious places

Newgrange

One of the most famous buildings in Ireland. The age of this mysterious building is approximately 5,000 years, hence, it appears that it is older than the famous Stonehenge and even the pyramids at Giza! The ancient builders were versed in astronomy and mathematics, because the main feature of Newgrange is the direction of the sun’s rays at the winter solstice in the main hall, resulting in a few tens of minutes it is flooded with light.

It is believed that this mysterious place was used for different cults, but a century later, the civilization that created the structure for some reason disappeared, and it gradually disappeared into the ground and overgrown with moss. Find again this is an Irish miracle in 1688. Historians and archaeologists argue about the assignment – some say on the tomb for royalty or priests, while others believe that this ancient Observatory. Whatever it was, and the people of those ancient times knew a lot about architecture, for example, the roof of the building for thousands of years still will not let to flow and does not allow moisture to trickle in. Continue reading

Ancient Roman fortress found in Italy

They found that it was part of a large military camp with an area of about 130 square meters and is located on strategic location on top of a hill. It was surrounded by a shaft width of up to 24 meters. On either side of the fortress housed two small fortifications.

Scientists believe that the Roman fortress was built in the year 178 BC, which is two decades earlier than the Roman fortress in Spain, which was the oldest previously known.

The task of the fortress, according to archaeologists, was to protect the port city of Aquileia, built by the Romans in 183-181, BC from the attacks of the Istrian tribes. The Romans began military expeditions to capture of the Istrian Peninsula from 221 BC during the war with local tribes, Istria was conquered, and the main town of Ostrov Nicacci destroyed by the Romans in 178-177 year. After the wars with Istres Aquileia quickly became a major center of trade. Under Diocletian it became one of the capitals of the Empire.

Livy in his “History of Rome” describes an interesting episode of the war of the Romans with Istres, when the Romans were Continue reading

Cathedral

Cathedral of Palma de Mallorca – La seu ( as it is popularly called) is the main religious building of the Balearic Islands. This building is in the Gothic style, is located on the coast of the Mediterranean.

Its construction began in 1229 after the Reconquest of the Islands by the Aragonese king James I. According to legend, the fleet of king Jaime I the Conqueror, on the way to the conquest of the island, was caught in a severe storm, and praying for the salvation of the virgin Mary, the king swore in the event of a successful outcome and the conquest of the island, to build a temple in her honor. The Church was built on the site of the old mosque. The work lasted for almost 4 centuries, until 1601 when the Church was consecrated by the Bishop of Vic i Manrique. The first architect of the project called Pons de Coll, after the project is handed to the author of the Cathedral of Barcelona Jaime Fabre. Work on the Cathedral began with the construction of Trinity chapel.

Until the end of the 14th century (which created the supporting structures of the temple) the structure of the old mosque adapted for Christian service. And only when commenced the erection of the side portals, all the old mosque was destroyed. Continue reading

The Gothic style of architecture

They are designed for the quantity of people around was full of life. Inside the Cathedral is spacious, the transept nearly merges with the longitudinal space. This eliminates a sharp boundary between clergy and visitors. “Sanctuary” ceases to be something inaccessible and unseen. The tombs are placed directly in the temple, and not in a dark underground crypt, in the Romanesque churches. The Gothic dramatic, but not gloomy and not sad.

The visual splendour of Gothic churches, including statues, reliefs, stained glass Windows and the altar painting, all that was conceived as a kind of encyclopedia of medieval knowledge – of course subordinate to theology. And in each Cathedral can be traced its own theme. For example, the Paris Cathedral was dedicated, the mother of God and all that is connected with it; Amiens expressed the idea of messianism: on the facade the figures of the prophets. But the intensions of these fine theological encyclopedias were, in General, so vague and allegories are so conditional that under their protection they found the place wide variety of subjects and motifs, including very far from the Church’s concept of the universe. Under the hands of medieval stonecutters dead stone comes to life and blooms with thousands of flowers. Hard found history more organic form of synthesis of art. emerging on that basis. Continue reading

Underground structure of the Colosseum

When tourists come to see the Colosseum, they see primarily, a large number of walls of underground structures, archaeologists dug in the early nineteenth century (the ancient masonry began to show to the public only after more than half a century). Since there are arguments about when these buildings were built, they were built all at once or different times, which were appointed and could to held mock naval battle in the arena of the amphitheatre with the Colosseum’s opening in 80 year. However, before you delve into the essence of these disputes is to consider the characteristics and purpose of underground facilities which do not cause disagreements.

First, we note that the area of the underground amphitheatre exceeded the size of the arena, along the edges of this dungeon (with the long axis of the arena) was located roomy pantries. Furthermore, in the dungeon there was a corridor leading to the building of Lucius Magnus (“Big camp”), which was the training hall of gladiators. Of course, in the vaults of the amphitheatre was situated and lifting mechanisms to lift to the surface, through special hatches, cages with animals. These lifts were delivered to the arena and the setting for given representations (for example, on mythological subjects). Several mines, Continue reading