The tradition of the construction of defensive military installations, fortifications in Europe has for many hundreds of years. The first stone of the tower, but rather wood with a high stone Foundation, appear on the territory of the GDL, i.e. the modern Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Poland in the 13th century. Here begins the history of stone castle construction in the region. Today, take a tour to Minsk. Grodno, Brest and other cities of Belarus, and especially in Lithuania, Poland and Western Ukraine, you can see unique examples of this architectural period.
Based on the localization of these stone “pillars” (Volyn and its dependent territories) they are called also “towers of Volyn type”. Meanwhile, the only thing that unites the above-mentioned structures is the material from which they were built, and with a considerable degree of conditionality. As far as configuration, performance techniques, style solutions, placement in the system of other companies and, accordingly, functions, and here between them there are significant differences. Until recently, regarding the “towers of Volyn type” is also widely used the term “donjon”. But Makarov has proved that most of them has nothing in common with the classic donjon, which was the first permanent fortified dwelling of a feudal Lord. Continue reading
A real discovery in the spirit of adventure of James Fenimore Cooper made archaeologists in the ancient city of Teotihuacan (Mexico). Under the pyramidal temple of the Feathered Serpent (Quetzalcoatl) at a depth of 12 meters, archaeologists found the entrance to the underground galleries. Looking helped old maps and ground penetrating radar. Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent is the Central building of the so-called citadel, a complex that comprises the center of Teotihuacan. And it is possible that there be a dumping of Mexican rulers. Them scientists of the Mexican National Institute of anthropology and history (INAH) looking for a long time. Still they were not able to find any burial of high-ranking teotiuakana.
However, the thing. The entrance is blocked. He was barricaded in the II century ad the entrance to the tunnel is a square shaft with a side of 5 meters, and the path inside it to clean difficult, reports ArtDaily. However, using a laser scanner and other devices they were able to “see” about 37 meters of the tunnel. Technique shows that there is some kind of obstacle. Scientists suggest that it can be huge blocks or statues that the ancients filled up the entrance to the tunnel, so no one got in. Continue reading
Speaking of “painted rocks” on Tom, we usually remember the Tomsk pisanyza. But it is only the first of eight located on this site. For forty-seven kilometers down stream of the Tom river here there’s a cave with petroglyphs arrays: Novoromanovskaya I and II, Cool I and II, the Hanging Stone, Nicholas, and closes ensemble Totalsa Pisanitsa. Doctor of historical Sciences Igor Kovtun says: “This last is a rocky massif on the Bank of the river Tom is also the last North-Western the location of rock paintings in Central and northwestern Asia. Further, to the Urals, nothing like that no more…”
What attracted our ancestors this place?
On one of the sections of its flow Tom as if making a circle, changing course and contrary to common in Siberia from South to North – begins to flow from North to South. In the myths of many Siberian peoples to the South associated location of the Upper world, the dwelling of light forces, rebirth after death. It is in this place and is Novoromanovskaya Pisanitsa. Continue reading
Old town square is one of the oldest and most remarkable squares in Prague. It is irregular in shape and surrounded by charming buildings. Most of them belongs to the middle ages and were updated in the periods of the late Renaissance or Baroque. Often they were founded in the Romanesque period. First and part second floor are stored in the cellars of the buildings of the late Gothic period. Historians say that in the square and around it there are about 60 buildings, that goes back to the Romanesque period. In spite of their exceptional age, their stone walls are very well preserved. On the West side of the square stands the house of the early Gothic period, which was the school for You. Through this house is a passage to the monumental temple on the Walls. In the basement of the house has been preserved Romanesque building. It dates from the XIII century and has alcoves, typical of the Gothic buildings of the period. In the Renaissance period were added arched Gables Venetian type. Near this house is a corner house “At the stone bell”, the most attractive Gothic building in Prague with a beautiful facade. Another example of late Gothic building on the Romanesque Foundation of the house “At the Golden unicorn”. Continue reading
I want to tell you a bit about those stones, which we all know since Windows XP. We all remember those Wallpapers which bill gates offered us to install on their old monitors. We are talking about Stonehenge — one of the most mysterious places on Earth. The world is full of various Antiques, many beautiful ruins to visit. We know who and why built the pyramids in Mexico. We know the story of Pompeii and were able to identify the location of ancient Troy. Even Machu Picchu know something. But what do we know about Stonehenge? Nothing. Some say that the stones were raised by druids 3,000 years ago, others give them as much as 5000 years. I prefer the age, which specifies UNESCO in their brochures, and it is 4500 years old. Immediately brewing the next question: who or what built Stonehenge? There’s more variants than answers on its age. The purpose of Stonehenge remains a mystery for the entire world and it is unlikely we will figure it out. Some say that this is the place for Druidic rituals, others call it ancient Observatory, a platform for the landing of alien ships and even the entrance to another dimension. All we have are small and mystical version of UFO, you can throw overboard, but we always believe in legends, because legends force us to remember his childhood and immerse yourself in some good and fabulous world. One of them says that these cannibali found in Northern Ireland and moved through the air by the magician Merlin in the time of king Arthur. Who which version would you choose? We will return to UNESCO. World Heritage says that Stonehenge is an ancient temple built taking into account the movement of the sun. Continue reading