Your world is filled with structures that have stood the test of time. That give character to the cities and landscapes in which they’re located. That are visited by millions of people each year. And that capture our wonder for the marvels of engineering innovation and progress.
But while structures such as the Giza pyramids, Brunelleschi’s dome, and the Brooklyn Bridge are visual spectacles in and of themselves, they are just as important for the way they were designed as for the way they look. These and other structural masterpieces were, first and foremost, novel creations born from the most progressive engineering concepts and tools of their day. They represent uniquely effective solutions to perplexing structural concerns. And they serve as landmark moments in the millennia-long history
Now, experience the engineering genius that makes these works possible with Understanding the World’s Greatest Structures: Science and Innovation from Antiquity to Modernity—a marvelous learning experience that takes you around the world and reveals the stories behind the most famous bridges, churches, skyscrapers, towers, and other structures from thousands of years of history. Delivered by award-winning Professor Stephen Continue reading
In Russia a huge number of places, covered with legends magic or dark mysticism. How they call it: “places of power”, anomalous zones… Some of them are so difficult that the path to him becomes a real adventure.
Especially rich in mysterious objects the European North of Russia. Researchers often associate them with the ancient civilization of Hyperborea. In the summer, to look for traces of the mother of world culture tourists are invited into the heart of the Kola Peninsula, while Hiking in the Lovozero tundra. Here on the shores of lake seydozero, which the Saami consider sacred and the dwelling place of evil spirits, researchers in 1997 were found cyclopean ruins, the remains of an ancient Observatory, and many other artifacts. Travelers particularly impressive 70-meter figure of a giant of Covey, inexplicably printed on high rock. An eight-day trekking on the Kola Peninsula to the Seydozero will require good physical shape, since it is held in quite dynamic pace.
Not smaller interest is represented and mount Vottovaara, located in neighbouring Karelia, in the middle of nowhere that you can reach it only during the jeep tour. Vottovaara — the highest point of the West Karelian upland— 417,1 m. the mountain is Located in 350 kilometers from the capital of Karelia, city of Petrozavodsk, in the Muezersky district. Famous Vottovaara lots of different single stones (including standing on the smaller rocks), called seita, and clusters of boulders, stone staircases and a peculiar form of vegetation: Continue reading
The tradition of the construction of defensive military installations, fortifications in Europe has for many hundreds of years. The first stone of the tower, but rather wood with a high stone Foundation, appear on the territory of the GDL, i.e. the modern Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Poland in the 13th century. Here begins the history of stone castle construction in the region. Today, take a tour to Minsk. Grodno, Brest and other cities of Belarus, and especially in Lithuania, Poland and Western Ukraine, you can see unique examples of this architectural period.
Based on the localization of these stone “pillars” (Volyn and its dependent territories) they are called also “towers of Volyn type”. Meanwhile, the only thing that unites the above-mentioned structures is the material from which they were built, and with a considerable degree of conditionality. As far as configuration, performance techniques, style solutions, placement in the system of other companies and, accordingly, functions, and here between them there are significant differences. Until recently, regarding the “towers of Volyn type” is also widely used the term “donjon”. But Makarov has proved that most of them has nothing in common with the classic donjon, which was the first permanent fortified dwelling of a feudal Lord. Continue reading