Your world is filled with structures that have stood the test of time. That give character to the cities and landscapes in which they’re located. That are visited by millions of people each year. And that capture our wonder for the marvels of engineering innovation and progress.
But while structures such as the Giza pyramids, Brunelleschi’s dome, and the Brooklyn Bridge are visual spectacles in and of themselves, they are just as important for the way they were designed as for the way they look. These and other structural masterpieces were, first and foremost, novel creations born from the most progressive engineering concepts and tools of their day. They represent uniquely effective solutions to perplexing structural concerns. And they serve as landmark moments in the millennia-long history
Now, experience the engineering genius that makes these works possible with Understanding the World’s Greatest Structures: Science and Innovation from Antiquity to Modernity—a marvelous learning experience that takes you around the world and reveals the stories behind the most famous bridges, churches, skyscrapers, towers, and other structures from thousands of years of history. Delivered by award-winning Professor Stephen Continue reading
When I looked down from the towers of Notre Dame, I had a lot of strange thoughts. How many centuries have passed beneath these towers! How many changes – and how little anything has changed!
A small medieval town, surrounded by fields, vineyards and forests. Then growing Paris which several times moved their walls. Paris of the last centuries, which, as noted by Victor Hugo, ‘changing its face once in fifty years’. And people. They’re always going somewhere just past those towers, always somewhere in a hurry – and always there were; they could not see, did not notice; these are the same people. And the towers are the same, with the same chimeras that look at the city, forever changing, forever threatened and forever remaining the same.
Here clearly can see two lines in the life of mankind. One is the life of all the people below; the other is the life line of those who built Notre Dame. Looking down from these towers you feel that the real history of mankind, worthy of mention, and there is a story of the builders of Notre Dame, and not those who pass by. And you realize that these two stories are incompatible. Continue reading
Clay and metal items, found in the upper layers of the dungeons Hal o Saflieni, belong to the bronze age.
Terracotta statuette of Hal o Saflieni
Standard plan megalithic temple
Later and less artistically valuable, they noted the influence of Aegean art.
From the looks of these products are made not aliens, but natives of Sicily: ceramic with incised pattern of red and white colors similar to the objects of the Neolithic cultures of Western Europe.
Ancient architecture – the most valuable part of the prehistoric heritage in Malta is presented in the open-air museums, which are all Islands in the archipelago. Megalithic sanctuaries of Malta belong to the Neolithic and Chalcolithic. The most interesting of all the monuments discovered on the territory of Europe, they are cut in rock or built of local limestone. Separate buildings constructed around 6 thousand years ago, there appeared before the Egyptian pyramids, until recently, considered the first man-made constructions on Earth. Megaliths (from the Greek. and megas lithos – “big stone”) Continue reading