Fortifications of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
The tradition of the construction of defensive military installations, fortifications in Europe has for many hundreds of years. The first stone of the tower, but rather wood with a high…

Continue reading →

The underground city
The landscape of this area resembles the moon. She is in Turkey, to be exact — in the valley of Goreme in Cappadocia. There appeared a very unusual tower of…

Continue reading →

structures

The megalithic temples of Malta: the oldest megaliths in history

Fast forward to the Maltese archipelago. One of the favorite places for tourists has long been considered a place of historic significance. Here are some of the most ancient mysterious megalithic structures of mankind – the megalithic temples of Malta and Gozo.

Amazing the age of the buildings

The true history of the local ancient inhabitants currently unknown. It is impossible to say who exactly they were, what purpose did it travel to the Islands, but the construction of these skilled craftsmen are still standing today.

Scientists believe that the origins of the civilization of the Maltese builders takes about 7000 years ago. For the most part it was a Neolithic culture – all the buildings made of stone. But about total isolation of the residents say no, it is believed that they had developed trade relations with the European part, in particular with Italy. Continue reading

Megalithic structures. Malta

Clay and metal items, found in the upper layers of the dungeons Hal o Saflieni, belong to the bronze age.

Terracotta statuette of Hal o Saflieni

Standard plan megalithic temple

Later and less artistically valuable, they noted the influence of Aegean art.

From the looks of these products are made not aliens, but natives of Sicily: ceramic with incised pattern of red and white colors similar to the objects of the Neolithic cultures of Western Europe.

Ancient architecture – the most valuable part of the prehistoric heritage in Malta is presented in the open-air museums, which are all Islands in the archipelago. Megalithic sanctuaries of Malta belong to the Neolithic and Chalcolithic. The most interesting of all the monuments discovered on the territory of Europe, they are cut in rock or built of local limestone. Separate buildings constructed around 6 thousand years ago, there appeared before the Egyptian pyramids, until recently, considered the first man-made constructions on Earth. Megaliths (from the Greek. and megas lithos – “big stone”) Continue reading

In the Syrian desert discovered mysterious structures

Robert Mason of the Royal Ontario Museum (Canada) discovered in Syria, a mysterious stone circles and other features of the landscape that look as if they created people.

“They don’t have impressive size, as some of the megaliths, but they are clearly deliberately aligned, and therefore very interesting,” — said the archaeologist who first stumbled on them in 2009 near the monastery of Deir Mar Musa (Saint. Moses the Abyssinian) about 80 km North of Damascus.

Alas, the tense situation in Syria have hindered excavation. A preliminary analysis of fragments of stone tools, are scattered in this area, put this date in their Neolithic and early bronze age is 10-6 thousand years ago.

According to Mr. Mason, the stones are positioned to stand out amid the empty landscape. Nearby there is nothing that would indicate a settlement. This is unusual, because the Neolithic people, as a rule, buried the dead and performed rites right there where they lived. Perhaps, the archaeologist came across one of the earliest examples of the development of ideas about “the land of the dead” than “the land of the living”, which is characteristic of the later European Neolithic. On the other hand, monopreparatam that settlements in these areas were seasonal, so the traces of inhabitance are not obvious. Continue reading