Padova
Padua is a city very ancient. He grew up in the IV century BC from a conventional, simple fishing villages. By joining the Romans against the Gauls, the city became…

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Underground structure of the Colosseum
When tourists come to see the Colosseum, they see primarily, a large number of walls of underground structures, archaeologists dug in the early nineteenth century (the ancient masonry began to…

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The story of the Kiev square

The Pavlovsk garden in Kiev – it is a real mystical place, where at certain intervals of time disappear Park sculptures! Want believe, want – listen to the true story of our city.

Can a person fifty years to walk in one of Kiev’s squares, measuring by steps rough asphalt? I think not. Even with breaks for sleep, eating, going to school, Institute or University, to travel far and near. Can’t a normal person can carry half a century. But if I deny its monotonous life its approval. It’s like some kind of disease is to mentally draw endless circles in the extreme, the longest paths of the garden (the route was streamlined) – evenings, daytime, weekends and weekdays. Nothing to do, or for better sleep or for fun, or, eventually, to drink beer – occupying (for about twenty minutes-thirty), despite the discontent of pensioners, one of the garden benches.

Innates of Kiev, these green Islands in the middle of paved city called it the “gardens”.

Have to say that the garden itself is in the center of the city – on crossing of streets of Pavlovsk, Kotsyubinsky and Gogol – changes over time. Its green lawns under the old derevyankoa were densely planted all kinds of shrubs – wolf berries, hawthorn, still some unknown to me the Bush. But over the past quarter century Continue reading

Gothic architecture

Since the second half of the XII century in Western Europe, and especially in Northern France, there is a new style of architecture, radically different from the Romanesque and Gothic dubbed. The Gothic style was born of the culture of the emerging cities, previously only implemented in architecture and it is firmly established. Citizens victorious in the struggle with the feudal lords become carriers of social and economic progress. A new burgher worldview, addressed to the person-the Creator, the Creator of wealth, the peculiar features of which is the pride for his hometown and desire to glorify him. The symbol of the town is the Cathedral, losing its defensive function. Stylistic changes are justified not only functional changes but also to significant advances in construction technique, based on the exact calculation and accurate construction. The transfer of load-bearing structures outwards facilitates walls, columns, increase height and create a fundamentally new temple’s interior that closely matches the idea of the aspirations of the spirit up to God.

In General, the Gothic cathedrals are characterized by specific stylistic and design features, main of which are:

• oslojneniya Basilica (five naves from the East, three to the West, choral rounds, and the crown of chapels),

• the disappearance of isolation naves by columns tapering, Continue reading

The story of ancient pipelines

On the eve of the most blessed and desirable holiday – the New year – we decided to write a Christmas special and not very serious article. But in order not to deviate from the basic field of activity of our organization, we will devote it to the ancient system of pipeline transportation. What we have now – we know: pipelines, stretching for hundreds of thousands of kilometres, crossing half the globe, serviced by thousands of engineers and professionals. But it was not always so. And how did it all start?

Of course, speaking about the ancient systems of pipelines, we mean it’s the conduits. Neither of which the transport of oil, gas and other things then there was no question! But the need for the delivery of water really was, though built cities near water, and the fields were sowed along the rivers. The city has evolved accordingly increased and the problem of water supply to the place of consumption. Different States have tried to solve the problem on their own, but the decision, however, were similar: the aqueducts.

The aqueduct is the water drawn from the water source to the place of consumption is located below the source height. It was constructed from different materials, but the most widely used stone. Later as a building material was brick, steel and others. Often the aqueducts represented cabinlocalhome Grand structure with a height of tens of meters. And now many of them are architectural monuments, and a place of pilgrimage for millions of tourists. Well, delve a bit into history and look at some ancient States. Continue reading