The construction of the world's animals
When wasps build a nest use a home-made paper. They tear off pieces of the wood fibers, moisten them with saliva, turning into a paste, which is used in the…

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The Old town square
Old town square is one of the oldest and most remarkable squares in Prague. It is irregular in shape and surrounded by charming buildings. Most of them belongs to the…

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oldest

The Old town square

Old town square is one of the oldest and most remarkable squares in Prague. It is irregular in shape and surrounded by charming buildings. Most of them belongs to the middle ages and were updated in the periods of the late Renaissance or Baroque. Often they were founded in the Romanesque period. First and part second floor are stored in the cellars of the buildings of the late Gothic period. Historians say that in the square and around it there are about 60 buildings, that goes back to the Romanesque period. In spite of their exceptional age, their stone walls are very well preserved. On the West side of the square stands the house of the early Gothic period, which was the school for You. Through this house is a passage to the monumental temple on the Walls. In the basement of the house has been preserved Romanesque building. It dates from the XIII century and has alcoves, typical of the Gothic buildings of the period. In the Renaissance period were added arched Gables Venetian type. Near this house is a corner house “At the stone bell”, the most attractive Gothic building in Prague with a beautiful facade. Another example of late Gothic building on the Romanesque Foundation of the house “At the Golden unicorn”. Continue reading

Wawel castle

Wawel castle (Zamek Królewski na Wawelu), there is evidence that for many centuries Krakow was the center of the Polish state. Today visit the ancient Royal residence – a fascinating journey into the depths of Polish history, in times both of prosperity and of decline.

The Royal castle is located on Wawel Hill (Wzgórzu Wawelskim) is a limestone hill which rises on the left Bank of the Vistula, in the heart of Krakow. From the VII century in the vicinity of the Wawel began to settle Slavs, and during the reign of the first historical rulers of Poland from the Piast dynasty (Piastów), here was one of the main residences of the monarchs. This Royal residence Wawel castle was only at the beginning of the fourteenth century, immediately after his coronation and settlement on the Wawel Vladislav Łokietka (Łokietka).

On the mountain, then a Cathedral was built in the Gothic style, and the place of wooden and earthen ramparts, built thick walls, and the castle became even more upset. The heyday of the castle occurred in the reign of the jagiellonians (Jagiellonów), especially the last Scion of Sigismund III Old (Zygmunta Starego III) and Sigismund Augustus (Zygmunta Augusta). Captured by the development of the Renaissance in Western Europe, the kings sought to put his residence this modern look. Brought from Italy to Krakow Franciszek masters and Bartolomeo Berecci, altered Gothic building in a beautiful Palace in the Renaissance style with a spacious, arcade courtyard,which gave a representative view of the whole building. Continue reading

Ancient Roman fortress found in Italy

They found that it was part of a large military camp with an area of about 130 square meters and is located on strategic location on top of a hill. It was surrounded by a shaft width of up to 24 meters. On either side of the fortress housed two small fortifications.

Scientists believe that the Roman fortress was built in the year 178 BC, which is two decades earlier than the Roman fortress in Spain, which was the oldest previously known.

The task of the fortress, according to archaeologists, was to protect the port city of Aquileia, built by the Romans in 183-181, BC from the attacks of the Istrian tribes. The Romans began military expeditions to capture of the Istrian Peninsula from 221 BC during the war with local tribes, Istria was conquered, and the main town of Ostrov Nicacci destroyed by the Romans in 178-177 year. After the wars with Istres Aquileia quickly became a major center of trade. Under Diocletian it became one of the capitals of the Empire.

Livy in his “History of Rome” describes an interesting episode of the war of the Romans with Istres, when the Romans were Continue reading