Your world is filled with structures that have stood the test of time. That give character to the cities and landscapes in which they’re located. That are visited by millions of people each year. And that capture our wonder for the marvels of engineering innovation and progress.
But while structures such as the Giza pyramids, Brunelleschi’s dome, and the Brooklyn Bridge are visual spectacles in and of themselves, they are just as important for the way they were designed as for the way they look. These and other structural masterpieces were, first and foremost, novel creations born from the most progressive engineering concepts and tools of their day. They represent uniquely effective solutions to perplexing structural concerns. And they serve as landmark moments in the millennia-long history
Now, experience the engineering genius that makes these works possible with Understanding the World’s Greatest Structures: Science and Innovation from Antiquity to Modernity—a marvelous learning experience that takes you around the world and reveals the stories behind the most famous bridges, churches, skyscrapers, towers, and other structures from thousands of years of history. Delivered by award-winning Professor Stephen Continue reading
Mysteries of ancient civilizations excite the minds of hundreds of researchers around the world. Moreover, in the past history of peoples, has left us with dozens of buildings to explore. The oldest surviving man-made structures date back to the fourth Millennium BC.
In our current top ten contains the most ancient buildings on Earth . of interest, both to scientists and tourists, with pleasure visiting historical and architectural monuments.
10. Caucasian Dolmens, Russia.
These stone tombs are found on the territory of Krasnodar Krai, Adygea, Stavropol region and Abkhazia. Built most of these structures at the end of the third Millennium BC. Scientists know of about 3 thousand dolmens in the Caucasus. Unfortunately, many of them suffered greatly from vandals and natural impacts. Almost all dolmens access free, they are not fenced and, alas, were not guarded.
9. Keviczky tomb, Sweden.
This structure was built on the territory of modern Sweden more than 3 000 years ago. Long time local farmers used the ancient stones for their own needs, until in 1748’t started the scientific study of the object. Today Keviczky the tomb is open to visitors. Continue reading
When I looked down from the towers of Notre Dame, I had a lot of strange thoughts. How many centuries have passed beneath these towers! How many changes – and how little anything has changed!
A small medieval town, surrounded by fields, vineyards and forests. Then growing Paris which several times moved their walls. Paris of the last centuries, which, as noted by Victor Hugo, ‘changing its face once in fifty years’. And people. They’re always going somewhere just past those towers, always somewhere in a hurry – and always there were; they could not see, did not notice; these are the same people. And the towers are the same, with the same chimeras that look at the city, forever changing, forever threatened and forever remaining the same.
Here clearly can see two lines in the life of mankind. One is the life of all the people below; the other is the life line of those who built Notre Dame. Looking down from these towers you feel that the real history of mankind, worthy of mention, and there is a story of the builders of Notre Dame, and not those who pass by. And you realize that these two stories are incompatible. Continue reading