The construction of the world's animals
When wasps build a nest use a home-made paper. They tear off pieces of the wood fibers, moisten them with saliva, turning into a paste, which is used in the…

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Germany Lübeck
In the Northern part of Germany is a small but very famous city - the city of lübeck. He has for many years attracts huge number of tourists and is…

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gothic

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Wonders of the world:the Cathedral of Notre Dame (Notre – Dame de Paris)

When I looked down from the towers of Notre Dame, I had a lot of strange thoughts. How many centuries have passed beneath these towers! How many changes – and how little anything has changed!

A small medieval town, surrounded by fields, vineyards and forests. Then growing Paris which several times moved their walls. Paris of the last centuries, which, as noted by Victor Hugo, ‘changing its face once in fifty years’. And people. They’re always going somewhere just past those towers, always somewhere in a hurry – and always there were; they could not see, did not notice; these are the same people. And the towers are the same, with the same chimeras that look at the city, forever changing, forever threatened and forever remaining the same.

Here clearly can see two lines in the life of mankind. One is the life of all the people below; the other is the life line of those who built Notre Dame. Looking down from these towers you feel that the real history of mankind, worthy of mention, and there is a story of the builders of Notre Dame, and not those who pass by. And you realize that these two stories are incompatible. Continue reading

A Grand Gothic Cathedral in the Central square of Vienna

Most of all while traveling in Vienna, I liked the Cathedral of St. Stephen. The building is very impressive — it is large and beautiful. We stumbled on it by accident while walking which certainly impressed the. The first thing we saw was the Parking lot of hired carriages — horse-drawn carriage.

From inside the Cathedral to see us, unfortunately failed. There was some kind of service. So we looked at it from the outside.

I love beautiful panoramic views. This Cathedral has two towers North and South. It is from them you can enjoy views of the city. We were not lucky North tower (with Elevator) was closed. And we went to the South. The entrance is three and a half euros. Pleasure in the very little rise so as to climb high, the stairs narrow and winding and entertain no. But the sight is amazing!

Loved the mosaics on the roof. Near colored tile looks very not usually. The roof is unique. God knows how much work it took to put an incredible amount of these tiles. Continue reading

Fortifications of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

The tradition of the construction of defensive military installations, fortifications in Europe has for many hundreds of years. The first stone of the tower, but rather wood with a high stone Foundation, appear on the territory of the GDL, i.e. the modern Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Poland in the 13th century. Here begins the history of stone castle construction in the region. Today, take a tour to Minsk. Grodno, Brest and other cities of Belarus, and especially in Lithuania, Poland and Western Ukraine, you can see unique examples of this architectural period.

Based on the localization of these stone “pillars” (Volyn and its dependent territories) they are called also “towers of Volyn type”. Meanwhile, the only thing that unites the above-mentioned structures is the material from which they were built, and with a considerable degree of conditionality. As far as configuration, performance techniques, style solutions, placement in the system of other companies and, accordingly, functions, and here between them there are significant differences. Until recently, regarding the “towers of Volyn type” is also widely used the term “donjon”. But Makarov has proved that most of them has nothing in common with the classic donjon, which was the first permanent fortified dwelling of a feudal Lord. Continue reading

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