Padua is a city very ancient. He grew up in the IV century BC from a conventional, simple fishing villages. By joining the Romans against the Gauls, the city became part of the Roman Empire in 45 BC and reached a high economic level under Augustus. Among the famous natives of Patavium Roman historian Titus Livy. Here flourished the processing and trade of wool. At the end of III – early IV centuries pedancy adopted Christianity. A thriving city is almost not affected from the Huns in 451, however, in the 601 year was almost completely destroyed by the Lombards. The neighborhood began to zavolochitsy, most residents chose to leave this region. The revival of Padua after the return to the city residence of the Bishop of Charlemagne (774 year). In the beginning of the twelfth century Padua was a free community. In 1222, Padua was founded by the University, the second in Italy, which was visited by teachers and students from all over Europe. In the sixteenth century the University began to prosper – here he taught mathematics Galileo Galilei. Both Dante and Petrarch stayed in Padua. However, the most profound mark in the history of Padua Saint Anthony left. Since the urban commune (this is the second half of the XIII century) marked the heyday of Padua. Continue reading

Germany Lübeck

In the Northern part of Germany is a small but very famous city – the city of lübeck. He has for many years attracts huge number of tourists and is famous for its beauty of the Hanseatic city. Lübeck has long been considered one of the most powerful and influential cities in Germany.

All the parameters to it in comparison can go only Hamburg. But Hamburg continues to grow, succumbing to the influence of modernity, and lübeck remained forever in the middle of the 16th century. Thanks to this kind of isolation from the outside world lübeck is a unique Gothic city whose area is only 2 square kilometers.

Walking around the city you can almost completely learn the entire history of the brick Gothic style. As a new trend in architecture, the Gothic style over the years became widespread throughout Europe. Only in the Northern part of Europe lacked the limestone that was widely used by the French in the creation of unique and unique carved Gothic cathedrals. Due to the limited amount of limestone in the Northern part of Europe the master took the usual bricks and tried to put from him the same churches, which would not be inferior to their predecessors. Continue reading

Gothic society: morphology of a nightmare

In pure lines of the Gothic cathedrals, imbued with a radiant light stained glass unquenchable and wise, the thought itself skyward, mesmerized by the majestic harmony of European culture. Like you’re standing in the heart of the beautiful Bud, which has already been laid all succeeding lines and paint its Golden age: Humanism, Renaissance, Enlightenment. Here as clearly seen the great path, which cuts off all unnecessary, accidental: the constant pursuit of the light of reason, perfection and harmony. Look carefully and obediently follows the uplifting lines of the ribs and extends above, higher up.

The danger catches up suddenly. They hide in heavily sun and wind Sandstone. Ugly escriviu space, they are unnaturally spread ribs, buttresses and devoured them, leaving only the skeleton. Without them, no cost, no drain, no capital, no element of looking mathematically precise, full of rationality Gothic. Monsters inhabit in Gothic churches. Hateful, jeering, nasty creatures — they are not strangers. They are flesh of flesh Gothic, the generation of European spirit. No one knows where they came from and what they’re doing here. Maybe they are just waiting. Waiting in the wings. Waiting for centuries to finally completely take over Prostranstvennaya culture and brand her with his ugly, senseless and merciless by nature. They will not miss their chance, and that chance, like today, it seems, they did not have. Continue reading