When I looked down from the towers of Notre Dame, I had a lot of strange thoughts. How many centuries have passed beneath these towers! How many changes – and how little anything has changed!
A small medieval town, surrounded by fields, vineyards and forests. Then growing Paris which several times moved their walls. Paris of the last centuries, which, as noted by Victor Hugo, ‘changing its face once in fifty years’. And people. They’re always going somewhere just past those towers, always somewhere in a hurry – and always there were; they could not see, did not notice; these are the same people. And the towers are the same, with the same chimeras that look at the city, forever changing, forever threatened and forever remaining the same.
Here clearly can see two lines in the life of mankind. One is the life of all the people below; the other is the life line of those who built Notre Dame. Looking down from these towers you feel that the real history of mankind, worthy of mention, and there is a story of the builders of Notre Dame, and not those who pass by. And you realize that these two stories are incompatible. Continue reading
Old town square is one of the oldest and most remarkable squares in Prague. It is irregular in shape and surrounded by charming buildings. Most of them belongs to the middle ages and were updated in the periods of the late Renaissance or Baroque. Often they were founded in the Romanesque period. First and part second floor are stored in the cellars of the buildings of the late Gothic period. Historians say that in the square and around it there are about 60 buildings, that goes back to the Romanesque period. In spite of their exceptional age, their stone walls are very well preserved. On the West side of the square stands the house of the early Gothic period, which was the school for You. Through this house is a passage to the monumental temple on the Walls. In the basement of the house has been preserved Romanesque building. It dates from the XIII century and has alcoves, typical of the Gothic buildings of the period. In the Renaissance period were added arched Gables Venetian type. Near this house is a corner house “At the stone bell”, the most attractive Gothic building in Prague with a beautiful facade. Another example of late Gothic building on the Romanesque Foundation of the house “At the Golden unicorn”. Continue reading
Padua is a city very ancient. He grew up in the IV century BC from a conventional, simple fishing villages. By joining the Romans against the Gauls, the city became part of the Roman Empire in 45 BC and reached a high economic level under Augustus. Among the famous natives of Patavium Roman historian Titus Livy. Here flourished the processing and trade of wool. At the end of III – early IV centuries pedancy adopted Christianity. A thriving city is almost not affected from the Huns in 451, however, in the 601 year was almost completely destroyed by the Lombards. The neighborhood began to zavolochitsy, most residents chose to leave this region. The revival of Padua after the return to the city residence of the Bishop of Charlemagne (774 year). In the beginning of the twelfth century Padua was a free community. In 1222, Padua was founded by the University, the second in Italy, which was visited by teachers and students from all over Europe. In the sixteenth century the University began to prosper – here he taught mathematics Galileo Galilei. Both Dante and Petrarch stayed in Padua. However, the most profound mark in the history of Padua Saint Anthony left. Since the urban commune (this is the second half of the XIII century) marked the heyday of Padua. Continue reading