Underground structure of the Colosseum
When tourists come to see the Colosseum, they see primarily, a large number of walls of underground structures, archaeologists dug in the early nineteenth century (the ancient masonry began to…

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Water intake from underground sources
The composition of the water intake and their General arrangement Off-site water supply systems from groundwater sources consist of: rainwater (meter) facilities for water intake, water wells (aquifer); pumping stations…

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Fortifications of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

The tradition of the construction of defensive military installations, fortifications in Europe has for many hundreds of years. The first stone of the tower, but rather wood with a high stone Foundation, appear on the territory of the GDL, i.e. the modern Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Poland in the 13th century. Here begins the history of stone castle construction in the region. Today, take a tour to Minsk. Grodno, Brest and other cities of Belarus, and especially in Lithuania, Poland and Western Ukraine, you can see unique examples of this architectural period.

Based on the localization of these stone “pillars” (Volyn and its dependent territories) they are called also “towers of Volyn type”. Meanwhile, the only thing that unites the above-mentioned structures is the material from which they were built, and with a considerable degree of conditionality. As far as configuration, performance techniques, style solutions, placement in the system of other companies and, accordingly, functions, and here between them there are significant differences. Until recently, regarding the “towers of Volyn type” is also widely used the term “donjon”. But Makarov has proved that most of them has nothing in common with the classic donjon, which was the first permanent fortified dwelling of a feudal Lord. Continue reading

The Old town square

Old town square is one of the oldest and most remarkable squares in Prague. It is irregular in shape and surrounded by charming buildings. Most of them belongs to the middle ages and were updated in the periods of the late Renaissance or Baroque. Often they were founded in the Romanesque period. First and part second floor are stored in the cellars of the buildings of the late Gothic period. Historians say that in the square and around it there are about 60 buildings, that goes back to the Romanesque period. In spite of their exceptional age, their stone walls are very well preserved. On the West side of the square stands the house of the early Gothic period, which was the school for You. Through this house is a passage to the monumental temple on the Walls. In the basement of the house has been preserved Romanesque building. It dates from the XIII century and has alcoves, typical of the Gothic buildings of the period. In the Renaissance period were added arched Gables Venetian type. Near this house is a corner house “At the stone bell”, the most attractive Gothic building in Prague with a beautiful facade. Another example of late Gothic building on the Romanesque Foundation of the house “At the Golden unicorn”. Continue reading

The secret of happiness has long been known.

For someone who wants to find happiness and to be free from all suffering and anxiety, the ancient teachings of the Vedas reveals the original knowledge of the harmonious life.

It is hardly possible to find a phenomenon that causes so much interest, generating as many conjectures and hypotheses as the pyramids. For several centuries the best archaeologists and Egyptologists try to explain this phenomenon. We offer not a typical historical analysis and sociological assessment. We will not try to summarize the numerous studies conducted in this field by competent scientists. We want to introduce you to another trend in the study of these ancient monuments and to talk about the spiritual purpose of the pyramids.

Interesting and amazing facts

Of great interest is the origin of the word “pyramid”. There is evidence that in Ancient Greece were a popular sweet cakes of rice flour of some form, and some believe that their names and the word “pyramid”. However, the most logical seems to be the origin of the term from the Greek roots “pyro”, meaning fire, and “mazos”, meaning the middle, bearing in mind that the ancient Greeks during visits to Kemet (Egypt) could see fire ceremonies that took place inside the pyramids. Continue reading